Different Types Of Eye Surgery And Their Effectiveness
The use of computer technology in medical science has been extending during the past couple of years. Laser eye surgery has become more and more popular, while non-laser processes have also improved. Though many men and women think that LASIK is the only type of refractive surgery, there are in fact various kinds of eye surgery for correcting vision.
Laser Eye Surgery
These processes involve using a laser to reshape the cornea to be able to enhance the eye’s ability to focus. There are lots of types of laser eye surgery, such as LASIK, LASEK, Intralense or PRK.
Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)
The surgeon removes a flap through the outer and centre of the cornea and then uses an excimer laser to remove tissue under the flap. This sort of eye surgery usually takes about one minute per eye.
LASEK is very similar to LASIK, but for the fact that the flap is cut only from the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium). It is used mostly for patients with thin corneas, who aren’t eligible for LASIK. It is a newer procedure with a few drawbacks, for example more discomfort and slightly longer healing period.
This sort of eye surgery is also very similar to LASIK, but that the surgeon uses an excess laser instead of a blade to create the flap in the outer layers.
This procedure is used to treat astigmatism, nearsightedness and mild to moderate farsightedness. A laser is used to remove tissue in the outer layer of the cornea and correct eyesight. The surgeon doesn’t cut any flap in the cornea. The surgery usually lasts less than a moment.
Non-laser Eye Surgery
These surgical procedures involve improving eyesight by cutting into the surface of the eye, reshaping the cornea or using low heating waves.
Astigmatic Keratotomy Incisions
This process can be used to correct moderate astigmatism. Bulgy areas of the retina are mesmerized using a blade. Many patients undergo this kind of treatment in conjunction with other types of eye surgery. But, it’s now less frequently used than laser eye surgery procedures, such as PRK or LASIK.
Implantable Contact Lenses
These are implantation apparatus used to treat acute farsightedness and nearsightedness. The lens is placed behind the iris, in the front of the natural lens of the eye. Unlike ordinary contact lenses, you can not feel them and they don’t require maintenance. chirurgia refrattiva Milano can take from 6 to 20 minutes.
Intraocular Lenses (IOLs)
This sort of eye surgery has existed for decades now and the lenses are often implanted during a cataract surgery to replace the natural lens of the eye. Years past, these lenses used to help only with distance patients and vision needed to wear glasses for close vision. However, the method has been improved and now helps with intermediate and close vision as well.